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Pakistan reinstates secret military courts despite criticism
BBC News - March 22, 2017
Military courts were first set up as a response to the 2015 attack on a military-run school by the Pakistani Taliban that killed 134 children.
The courts, which try civilians charged with terrorism offences, had a two-year mandate that expired on 7 January. The bill will now go to the Senate on Wednesday for approval.
The government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said in January it wanted to reinstate the military courts, but lacked the two-thirds majority in parliament. After months of discussions between parties, the bill was passed late on Tuesday.
Under the original secret military court system:
Under the new law, a suspect must also read the charges at the time of arrest and be produced in a military court within 24 hours, the BBC's M Ilyas Khan in Islamabad reports.
In their first two years, the military courts awarded death sentences to more than 160 people, of whom 20 have been executed, our correspondent says.
After the school massacre, Pakistan lifted a moratorium on capital punishment as part of measures it said were aimed at checking the spread of militancy and extremism. Since then more than 400 prisoners on death row have been hanged.
One of the main arguments made in favour of military courts is that the government cannot provide adequate security to judges who preside over terrorism related cases. But critics say the courts lack transparency and due process.