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Mass arrests in Jayapura during ULMWP actions supporting Vanuatu UN bid
Tabloid JUBI - September 24, 2018
Protest actions organised by the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) on Monday September 24 ended in students being assaulted and arrested by police.
"One student, Petrus Kosamah was assaulted on the campus grounds", Papua ULMWP action committee secretary Crido Dogopia told Jubi in Abepura, Jayapura, on Monday September 24.
Dogopia said that Kosamah was assaulted when police forcibly broke up a free speech forum held by students on campus grounds at around 11am local time.
"Police broke up [the forum] but students resisted. Police forcibly dragged (demonstrators) into a crowd control (Dalmas) truck. It was then that he was assaulted", said Dogopia
Dogopia said that all the students involved in the free speech form were taken to the Jayapura municipal police station. There they joined protesters who had been arrested earlier at the Expo gathering point in front of the regional post office in Abepura.
Papua police chief Inspector General Martuani Sormin however denied that police officers assaulted demonstrators, saying that they just "secured" the protestors in order to bring them in for questioning.
"None of our officers behaved violently towards protesters, they only questioned them and tonight they'll be returned [home]", said Sormin on Monday evening.
According to Sormin, the protesters failed to inform police beforehand about the demonstration. "We don't require [protests] to have a permit, but there was no notification", he said.
Senior human rights lawyer Gustav Kawer said that arresting protesters on the ground that there was no prior notification is invalid. Law Number 9/1998 on Freedom of Expression does not stipulate that police have the authority to reject a notification of a demonstration.
"The police do this repeatedly. There is no [stipulation] in the law stating that police can reject [a notification]", he explained.
Kawer said that police are only authorised to issue a document stating that they have received the notification. They are then obliged to facilitate the protest until the demonstrations have conveyed their aspirations.
"The proper way is for police to escort them until the demonstrators have achieved their goal", he said.
Kawer added that he is shocked at how police violate laws which guarantee freedom of expression. Police instead see it as an issue of law enforcement. "Police frequently violate the law", he said.
According to Kawer, police are not actually aware that actions which they see as enforcing the law harms Indonesia because Indonesia then becomes the focus of world attention over freedom of expression.
"This approach attracts world attention. The international community questions how far Indonesia is open to free expression", he said. Because of this therefore, in the future the police must adhere to regulations, not interpret legislation.
The following is a chronology of the arrests which took place at three protest gathering points:
1. Expo Taxi Roundabout, Waena. At 8.30am local time protesters had arrived at the gathering point. Police meanwhile were already on alert.
At 9.22am the protesters began giving speeches. Police then approached the demonstrators and negotiated with them. The negotiations ended with the arrest of demonstrators. The protesters were ordered into a Dalmas truck and taken to the Jayapura municipal police station.
2. Jayapura Science and Technology University (USTJ) campus. At 10.30am local time students had gathered on campus grounds and were giving speeches.
At 11.45am, police entered the USTJ campus grounds and forcibly broke up the free speech action. But the students refused to disband and in the end police acted violently and the students were arrested and dragged into to Dalmas truck and taken to the Jayapura municipal police station.
3. Abepura, in front of the post office. At 11.10am, protesters had gathered on Jl. Biak in front of the Jayapura State Senor High-School 1. The protesters then marched on foot to the Abepura post office.
At 11.20am local time the protesters arrived at the post office and began giving speeches. At 11.30am police approached the demonstrators and closed down the free speech forum.
The following are the names of those arrested based on the gathering points:
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