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Society's pressing and urgent needs

[This document was a supplementary document adopted at the founding congress of the PRD.]

The New Order & the world community

1. The ratification and implementation of all laws, treaties, conventions and other laws produced by international institutions to reinforce respect for human rights and the international monitoring of the implementation of these conventions.

2. The pressuring of world bodies to support the Indonesian people's struggle to end the New Order's economic, political and cultural repression by:

a. ending all financial assistance and co-operation of a military character;
b. by incorporating consideration of whether or not human rights are being respected when considering all loans for Indonesia or other commercial agreements;
c. holding the New Order regime accountable for its invasion and occupation of East Timor and to pressure the regime to hold a referendum under the supervision of world bodies and non- government organisations.
3. World bodies must pressure all foreign funding institutions to ensure that the New Order regime adjusts its economic policies to ensure sustainable development which also benefits the ordinary people of Indonesia.

Our demands on the New Order

4. We must demand that the government guarantee the following basic rights of the people by:
a. the repeal of the package of five political laws and all regulations in contradiction to clause 28 of the 1945 Constitution [guaranteeing basic freedoms];
b. the full implementation of ILO Conventions no. 87, 98 and 151 [guaranteeing freedom of organisation, the right to strike and other labour rights] and the withdrawal of Ministerial Instructions 1109/1986 and no 5/1987. This means guaranteeing: the right to strike; the right of workers to form their own trade union; the right of workers to elect their own representatives; and the end to all military interference in labour disputes; c. the repeal of Law 5/1975 on Provincial Government;
d. the right to form political parties, apart from those allowed by the regime, and the right of those parties to implement their programs at all levels of Indonesia society, from national level down to village level;
e. the guarantee of freedom from threat of violence by the military through the consolidation of civilian supremacy, including the abolition of the doctrine of a dual function for the military and all its administrative apparatus, the return of the military to the barracks, and its subordination to all civilian rights and responsibilities in its operations in time of peace;
f. the repeal of the Subversion Act PNPS 11/1963 [which allows arrest and imprisonment for one year on broadly defined charges of subversion];
g. the guarantee of the right to freedom of speech, including freedom of the press, and the right to carry out demonstrations and other peaceful forms of demonstration;
h. the guarantee of individual civil rights under criminal and civil law and the ending of military interference in the judicial processes; This must include the right of presumption of innocent until proven guilty, the right to legal consultation, and the right to a free, open and public trial;
i. all restrictions on the civil rights of former political prisoners must be lifted, including restrictions on their right to work, to travel and to engage in political activities;
5. The formation of a permanent human rights commission of members independent of government institutions to be elected at the same time as general elections with the power to investigate human rights violations and to make recommendations about such violations, including violations by the government.
a. The formation of an Electoral Commission comprised of the participating political parties;
b. The guarantee of the right of the people to organise their own poll watching.

The call for justice

7. President Suharto must be held accountable for his leadership of the Republic of Indonesia before a Special Plenary Session of the Peoples Consultative Assembly (MPR).

8. The formation of an international commission to investigate all killings of the people during the New Order.

9. The New Order must be put on trial before an International Court for the mass killings when it seized power in 1965.

Fundamental human rights for all

10. The Legislative, Judicial and Executive arms of government must be free of military interference.

11. To respect the right to self-determination of the East Timorese nation, the Acehnese nation and the West Papuan nation through a referendum under the supervision of world bodies.

12. The ending of all discrimination against women, including ensuring:

a. a guarantee of equal pay, equal access to education, work and representation in civil and state institutions;
b. the freedom to decide about participation in family planning programmes;
c. the ending of exploitation in the form of the export of female workers;
d. Sexual harassment, including in the home, must be criminalised;
e. To bring to an end the illegal/legal practice of prostitution.
13. The supervision, in accord with laws, of child labour.

14. To reject the principle that the implementation of human rights must be adjusted to the specific characteristics of any region, culture, or political, economic or social system. Basic human rights are universally valid.

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