|Home > South-East Asia|
Regional conference on policing in Southeast Asia calls for human rights based policing
Joint Public Statement - November 20, 2013
These calls were made at a regional conference organized by Amnesty International and KontraS (The Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence) on policing and human rights in Southeast Asia held on 19-20 November in Jakarta. During the meeting, participants discussed the range of human rights violations committed by the police in their various countries, analysed existing internal and external accountability mechanisms to hold the police accountable and debated the effectiveness of police engagement, as well as some of the obstacles civil society organizations face when engaging with police reform.
The human rights violations allegedly committed by law enforcement officials in these countries include unlawful killings, enforced disappearances, torture and other ill-treatment, and excessive use of force and firearms. In Indonesia police have also failed in many cases to protect religious minorities while in Thailand serious concerns were raised about the involvement of the police in cases of enforced disappearances, particularly in the South. In Malaysia, the high number of cases of deaths in police custody and the failure to bring the perpetrators to justice was raised. In the Philippines, there are concerns about state responsibility in allowing those in positions of command responsibility to go unpunished for their crimes or crimes committed by their subordinates.
Participants at the conference also raised concerns about ineffective accountability mechanisms, police corruption and the failure of police to protect the broad spectrum of human rights, in particular ignoring and sometimes contributing to violations of economic, social and cultural rights, or not adequately handling complaints about violence against women and other groups at risk such as children, indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities and LGBTI communities.
While in some countries internal disciplinary mechanisms have been used to deal with some abuses, in many countries they lack transparency. Very few cases involving human rights violations by the police reach the courts. Further in most jurisdictions, victims of these abuses and their families are unable to obtain full and effective reparation, often because proper redress mechanisms are not in place or effectively implemented.
Participants reported that oversight mechanisms such as national human rights institutions or ombudsmen in some of these countries are not fully independent, lack the necessary powers to independently investigate cases of human rights violations by the police or are unable to fully enforce the findings of their investigations. In some cases, they do not have the power or fail to submit their findings directly to a public prosecutor.
At the same time, there has been some progress in reforming the police, and civil society organizations have been calling for greater accountability and transparency. In Indonesia, civil society organizations are using a 2008 freedom of information law to monitor the progress of investigations into police abuses, while in the Philippines human rights organizations have pushed successfully for an anti-torture law and anti-disappearance law, which were passed in 2009 and 2012 respectively.
The important role civil society plays in monitoring, documenting and advocating on issues relating to police reform was stressed, along with the need for better co-operation and skills sharing between countries within Southeast Asia.
Human rights should be at the centre of any process of police reform. As a first step towards human rights-based policing, the Indonesian, Malaysian, Philippines, Thailand, and Timor-Leste authorities should, as a matter of priority:
The Commission for Disappeared
and Victims of Violence (KontraS)
Jl. Borobudur No. 14 Menteng
Jakarta Pusat 10320 Indonesia
Home | Site Map | Press Releases | Calendar & Events | News Services | Links & Resources | Contact Us