Home > South-East Asia >> East Timor

Annual Report 2013: Timor-Leste

Amnesty International - May 23, 2013

Head of state: Jose Maria Vasconcelos (Taur Matan Ruak, replaced Jose Manuel Ramos-Horta in May)
Head of government: Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao

  • Background
  • Police and security forces
  • Women’s rights
  • Impunity
  • Impunity persisted for crimes against humanity and gross human rights violations committed during the Indonesian occupation (1975-1999). Security forces were accused of human rights violations, including ill-treatment and excessive use of force. Women and girls faced high levels of domestic violence.


    Presidential and Parliamentary elections, held respectively in March-April and July, took place without incident. In December 2012, the UN Security Council ended the mandate of the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste.

    Police and security forces

    Security forces faced allegations of ill-treatment and excessive use of force, sometimes leading to death. Accountability mechanisms for the police and military were weak. The UN Police presence ended in December.

    Women’s rights

    Levels of domestic violence against women remained high. Although some cases were prosecuted in the courts, many resulted in suspended sentences. There were concerns about the lack of adequate protection for victims and witnesses.

    Timor-Leste’s maternal mortality ratio was one of the highest in the Asia-Pacific region.


    Little progress was made in addressing crimes against humanity and other human rights violations committed by Indonesian security forces and their auxiliaries from 1975-1999. The mandate of the Serious Crimes Investigation Team ended in December, having failed to complete around 60 investigations into outstanding cases of serious human rights violations committed in 1999.

    See also:

    Home | Site Map | Calendar & Events | News Services | Links & Resources | Contact Us